Area and Nature
The area stretches over 1300 km². The Ladin valleys are connected to each other over the following mountain passes: "Frea" (Passo Gardena, 2121 metres), "Sela" (Passo Sella, 2244 metres), "Ciaulonch" (Passo Campolongo, 1875 metres), "Pordoi" (Passo Pordoi, 2239 metres), "Valparola" (Passo Valparola, 2192 metres) and "Falzares" (Passo Falzarego, 2105 metres).
The Sella Group reigns in the heart of the Dolomites. The name "Dolomites" goes back to the French geologist Déodat de Dolomieu (1750-1801) who examined local sedimentary rock for the first time: dolomite. The mountains consist of chalk, rock of coral origin from the Triassic period, as well as volcanic rock.